|Autor||Siedel, H. and Franzen, C. and Pummer, E.|
|Titel||In-situ vacuum desalination - case study of a baroque tombstone|
|Link||Datei:34 SWBSS-2014 Siedel etal.pdf|
|Bemerkungen||In: De Clercq, Hilde (editor): Proceedings of SWBSS 2014. Third International Conference on Salt Weathering of Buildings and Stone Sculptures Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage, Brussels, Belgium, 14-16 October 2043, S. 481-496|
Eintrag in der Bibliographie
|[Siedel.etal:2014]||Siedel, H.; Franzen, C.; Pummer, E. (2014): In-situ 'vacuum' desalination - case study of a baroque tombstone. In: Hilde De Clercq (Hrsg.): Proceedings of SWBSS 2014 3rd International Conference on Salt Weathering of Buildings and Stone Sculptures,KIK-IRPA, Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage Brussels 481-496, 10.5165/hawk-hhg/270|
desalination techniques, sandstone, negative pressure/underpressure, poultices
A combined "vacuum" and poultice desalination procedure was applied to a tombstone made of Cotta sandstone. The desalination steps were controlled analytically by salt profiles in the stone, as well as by analyses of waste water and poultice material. A remarkable reduction of high total salt contents to a depth of 1-2 cm could be achieved, with the best effects in the lower part of the monument (at 50 cm height). In particular, high gypsum contents within the Cotta sandstone were significantly reduced, which could hardly be achieved only by poultice treatments. With respect to the better soluble nitrate compounds, the results are contradictory. Although nitrate could be extracted near the surface, large parts were moved into the stone by advection. The results suggest that the "vacuum" procedure could be considered as an effective in-situ bath desalination with frequent water exchange rather than a convective desalination where the salt ions follow the water streaming through the object. The method has some potential for in-situ desalination of smaller stone objects and should be further developed.
Digital Object Identifier, ein permanenter Identifier, der z.B. auf eine digital vorliegende Literaturstelle weist.