Cit:Steiger.etal:2008

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Autor Steiger, Michael; Asmussen, Sönke
Jahr 2008
Titel Crystallization of sodium sulfate phases in porous materials: The phase diagram Na2SO4 -H2O and the generation of stress
Bibtex @article{STEIGER20084291,

title = {Crystallization of sodium sulfate phases in porous materials: The phase diagram Na2SO4–H2O and the generation of stress}, journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta}, volume = {72}, number = {17}, pages = {4291-4306}, year = {2008}, issn = {0016-7037}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2008.05.053}, url = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703708003384}, author = {Michael Steiger and Sönke Asmussen}, abstract = {Mechanical disintegration by crystal growth of salts in pores is generally considered as an important mechanism of rock breakdown both on Earth and on Mars. Crystal growth is also a major cause of damage in porous building materials. Sodium sulfate is the most widely used salt in accelerated weathering tests of natural rocks and building materials. This paper provides an updated phase diagram of the Na2SO4–H2O system based on a careful review of the available thermodynamic data of aqueous sodium sulfate and the crystalline phases. The phase diagram includes both the stable phases thenardite, Na2SO4(V), and mirabilite, Na2SO4·10H2O, and, the metastable phases Na2SO4(III) and Na2SO4·7H2O. The phase diagram is used to discuss the crystallization pathways and the crystallization pressures generated by these solids in common laboratory weathering experiments and under field conditions. New crystallization experiments carried out at different temperatures are presented. A dilatometric technique is used to study the mechanical response of sandstone samples in typical wetting–drying experiments as in the standard salt crystallization test. Additional experiments with continuous immersion and evaporation were carried out with the same type of sandstone. Both, the theoretical treatment and the results of the crystallization experiments confirm that the crystallization of mirabilite from highly supersaturated solutions is the most important cause of damage of sodium sulfate in porous materials.} } }

DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2008.05.053
Link https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0016703708003384
Bemerkungen in: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72 (17), 4291-4306


Eintrag in der Bibliographie

[Steiger.etal:2008]Steiger, Michael; Asmussen, Sönke (2008): Crystallization of sodium sulfate phases in porous materials: The phase diagram Na2SO4 -H2O and the generation of stress. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72 (17), 4291-4306, Webadresse, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2008.05.053Link zu Google Scholar

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